Simple Declarative Language

SDLang is a simple and concise way to textually represent data. It has an XML-like structure – tags, values and attributes – which makes it a versatile choice for data serialization, configuration files, or declarative languages. Its syntax was inspired by the C family of languages (C/C++, C#, D, Java, …).

// This is a node with a single string value
title "Hello, World"

// Multiple values are supported, too
bookmarks 12 15 188 1234

// Nodes can have attributes
author "Peter Parker" email="" active=true

// Nodes can be arbitrarily nested
contents {
	section "First section" {
		paragraph "This is the first paragraph"
		paragraph "This is the second paragraph"

// Anonymous nodes are supported
"This text is the value of an anonymous node!"

// This makes things like matrix definitions very convenient
matrix {
	1 0 0
	0 1 0
	0 0 1


More implementations

An up-to-date Java fork of the original SDL library
Lightweight and fast parser/generator implementation for D
An SDLang parser written in Dart (also usable in JavaScript with dart2js)
An updated .NET fork of the original SDL.NET library

Data types

// Strings
"String \"with escape support\""
`String "without escape support"`

// Numbers
10    // 32-bit integer
10L   // 64-bit integer
10.5  // 64-bit float (double)
10.5d // 64-bit float
10.5f // 32-bit float
10.123BD  // 128-bit decimal

// Boolean and null values
true  // boolean true
false // boolean false
on    // boolean true
off   // boolean false
null  // a null value

// Date/time formats
2015/12/06 12:00:00.000-UTC // Date/time value (UTC timezone)
2015/12/06 12:00:00.000     // Date/time value (local time)
2015/12/06                  // Date value
12:14:34     // Duration: 12 hours, 14 minutes, 34 seconds
12:14:34.123 // 12 h, 14 min, 34 s, 123 ms
2d:12:14:34  // 2 days, 12 h, 14 min, 34 s

// Binary data (Base64 encoded)

Comment styles

// C++ style

C style multiline

tag /*foo=true*/ bar=false

# Shell style

-- Lua style

Syntax details

// Trailing semicolons are optional
title "Some title";

// They can be used to separate multiple nodes
title "Some title"; author "Peter Parker"

// Tags may contain certain non-alphanumeric characters

// Namespaces are supported
renderer:options "invisible"
physics:options "nocollide"

// Nodes can be separated into multiple lines
title \
	"Some title"


Who uses SDLang? 1


Copyright © 2015, Sönke Ludwig. Distributed under the terms of the MIT license. All trademarks in this document are owned by their respective trademark holders.
1 Information based in parts on the SDL homepage (mirror)